Scratching is a normal behavior that conditions the claws, serves as a visual and scent mark, and is a means of stretching. However, when scratching is directed at furniture or members of the family, it is unacceptable. In most cases scratching can be prevented with environmental and behavioral management. Inappropriate scratching can be prevented by keeping the cat away from problem areas and trimming the nails regularly, while acceptable scratching can be allowed and encouraged by providing a proper scratching post. Should the cat continue to scratch in an inappropriate area, the post could be moved to that area, and/or the scratched furniture can be covered with a less appealing material (plastic, a loosely draped piece of material). Remote punishment (e.g. water rifle) and environmental punishment (sticky tape, motion detectors, Scat MatsÂ®) can be used to deter further scratching of an area. Some owners may want to consider plastic nail coverings (Soft PawsÂ®) which can be glued over the claws monthly.
For those owners with destructive cats who cannot train them to use a scratching post, declawing and digital flexor tendenectomies are other options. Although the tendonectomy is a less invasive precedure, it is not a practical option unless the owners are willing and capable of caring for the nails (i.e. trimming) which will continue to grow (and no longer able to be shed and conditioned by scratching). The primary reasons for declawing are property damage or the risk of injury to people or other pets.1,2 Occasionally, the welfare of a family member may be best protected by declawing the family cat (e.g. humans with compromised immune status due to HIV, immunosuppressive therapy, etc.). Declawing allows the family to keep the cat and enjoy the rewards of pet ownership. Declawing means that fewer cats need to be rehomed or destroyed and that more cats can be placed.
In numerous studies to date, declawing has been shown to cause no increase in behavior problems.1,2,3,4,5,6 In fact, many cats continue to scratch furniture after declawing, but caused no significant damage. In a study of over 850 cats, declawed cats were no more likely to bite, than clawed cats.4 In a study of 276 cat owners, declawing successfully met or surpassed the owner's expectations in all cases.1 There was 96% owner satisfaction at the time of the study (up from 81% prior to surgery) and over 70% of cat owners indicated that there was an improvement in the cat-owner relationship.1 In a study of veterinarians in Ontario, it was estimated that over 50% of owners of declawed cats would not have owned or kept their cats, had they not been declawed.2 This is consistent with studies that have examined the factors associated with the reasons for surrendering a cat to an animal shelter , in which behavior problems (including scratching) were a major reason for surrender,7 while being declawed decreased the risk of relinquishment.6
1. Landsberg G. Cat owners' attitudes toward declawing. Anthrozoos, 4:3, p. 192, 1991
2. Landsberg G. Declawing is controversial but still saves pets, a veterinarian survey. Veterinary Forum, September 1991
3. Bennett M, Houpt KA, Erb HN: Effects of declawing on feline behavior. Comp Animal Pract 2:7, 1988
4. Borchelt PL, Voith VL. Aggressive behavior in cats. Compend Contin Educ Vet Pract 1;9, p. 49, 1987
5. Morgan M, Houpt KA. Feline behavior problems. The influence of declawing. Anthrozoos, 3:1, p. 50, 1989
6. Patronek GJ, Glickman LT, Beck AM, et al. Risk factors for relinquishment of cats to an animal shelter. J Am Vet Med Assoc, vol. 209, 3, 582-588, 1996
7. Miller DD, Staats SR, Partlo C, Rada K. Factors associated with the decision to surrender a pet to an surrender a pet to an animal shelter. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 209, 4, 738-742, 1996